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Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

TMJ disorders consist of problems such as the inability to open your mouth widely, jaws getting stuck in an open or closed mouth position. Treatment is performed by repairing the joint, eliminating the joint or creating an artificial joint. These are pain and function disorders on the temporomandibular joint. The harmony between joint surface and disc is compromised. Today, temporomandibular joint disorders are quite common among the populace.

Causes of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

    • Direct trauma on the jawbone or joint (due to accident or impact)
    • Unilateral chewing habit
    • Missing teeth
    • Clenching and Grinding
    • Stress, depression etc.
    • Bite disorder
    • Developmental joint defects (hypoplasia etc.)
    • Degenerative joint disorders, osteoarthritis, arthrosis
    • Auto-immune diseases, romatoid arthritis, lupus

What are the Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder?

The patient may feel prickly and severe as well as constant pain every time they swallow, yawn, chew or speak. Pain may occur just in front of temporomandibular joint or spread to many other regions such as face, head, ears or jaw by causing a muscle spasm.

Treatment options

    • Patient education and preventive treatment
    • Splint treatment
    • Medication treatment
    • Exercises
    • Physical rehabilitation
    • Manipulation
    • Psychiatric support
    • Advanced treatments on refractory cases (Surgery etc.)