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Conservative Dental Treatments

The treatment involves filling the prepared cavity with artificial filling material after decay is removed. Today, tooth decay is considered as a disease which manifests in tooth tissue depending on more than one reason.

Causes of Tooth Decay:

  • • Bacterial plaque
  • • Carbonhydrates
  • • Personal factors (structure of teeth, chemical compound of saliva etc.)
  • • Time (food in mouth)

Bacterial plaque can form acid from leftovers of sweet and farinose food. These acids dissolve the mineral layer of the teeth and cause tooth decay by corroding the tooth enamel.

Tooth decay may occur on the top (chewing) side, interfacial side where teeth contact with each other and cervical margins of teeth. Brownish color on the visible surfaces and cavities are easily spotted. However, radiographical imaging is also necessary on cases without these symptoms.

Decay which begins in the tooth enamel progresses to the dentin if left untreated. Dentin is more easily dissolved compared to tooth enamel, thus causing a faster decay progression. Sensitivity may occur on a decay that reached dentin tissue. This sensitivity goes away after treatment.

If the pain becomes constant, it means decay has progressed into the dental pulp chamber and root canal treatment is necessary.

Composite filling

It is a plastic-based mixture which includes siliconedioxide particles. It is not noticable on teeth thanks to various color selections and referred to as esthetic white filling. Once only used for front teeth, the material is reinforced with several methods to be compatible with molar teeth. By using a special adhesive agent, filling material is hardened by exposure to light and polished within the same session.

Porcelain Filling

An impression of the cavity is taken and sent to the lab. On the following appointment, polished porcelain filling is attached to the cavity.

Amalgam Filling

Amalgam filling consists of silver, tin and copper mixed with %45-50 of mercury. After the cavity is cleansed of decay and filled with amalgam filling material, refraining from exposing the area to contaminants for 2 hours and eating solid food on the side which received treatment. After 24 hours, the solidified filling can be polished.

Composite Laminate Veneer (Bonding)

These are restorative procedures which involves the direct application of composite resin material by the dentist. This procedure is completed within a single session. However, due to the property of used material, discoloration may occur according to the patient's habits or fractures may occur due to careless usage. In addition, repairs can be performed in a single session.

Porcelain Fillings (Inlays)

In addition to being superiorly aesthetic, Porcelain fillings provide optimal contact with teeth. This filling is prepared under lab conditions. After removing the fractured, decayed or old filled parts, the impression of the remaining healthy area is taken and sent to the lab. Healthy tooth tissue in the mouth is untouched. Porcelain fillings prepared on the lab-made model provide aesthetic and functional integrity. This type of special compressed porcelain filling has a minimum amount of leakage. It is quite similiar to the teeth in regards of toughness and and compatibility with gingiva.